Heavy rains and floods during rainy season can lead to several life threatening illnesses that everyone must be aware of. Here in the Philippines, flood water becomes contaminated due to lack of environmental sanitation and poor hygiene that’s why it causes certain illnesses and diseases. Sometimes you can see people walking in the middle of the flood without realizing what harm they could get from it. Some children are also seen playing and swimming in the water flood without knowing the danger it would bring to their health. The Department of Health advised the public to be aware of these kind of diseases during rainy season and take precautionary measures and practice proper hygiene to prevent themselves from getting sick.
Rainy season is sometimes called the dengue season because this mosquito-borne disease is very much common during rainy days. According to the Department of Health, the year 2019 was recorded as the dengue outbreaks in the Philippines as the number of cases were enormously higher than the passed years. Dengue is caused by the bite of dengue virus-carrier mosquitoes, which commonly found in stagnant water. This is a viral infection accompanied with high fever, nausea and vomiting, headache, muscle and joint pain, skin rashes and bleeding for the severe cases. Children are at high risk to get dengue virus, and there’s still no specific medication to treat dengue.
It is a bacterial infection caused by the leptospira spirochetes bacteria that is spread through the urine or infected animals especially rats. One way to get infected is by wading in the floodwaters contaminated with this bacteria. Another is by drinking or ingesting water that has been contaminated with urine or body fluids of infected animals. If a person with opened wound or cuts exposed to this bacteria, he’ll most likely to be infected. Some of the symptoms include fever, headache, muscle pain, eye redness, chills and abdominal pain (source: DOH).
Commonly referred to as ‘flu’ or seasonal flu. This illness is caused by influenza A, B or C viruses that attack the respiratory system. It is characterized by cold, cough, sore throat, high fever, headache and body aches (source: Makati Medical Center). Mostly affects people with weak immune system, especially during cold weather and rainy season. Prevention includes flu vaccine, proper hygiene and keeping the immune system strong.
This is an acute intestinal infectious disease cause by food or water contaminated with bacteria known as vibrio cholera which is found in human waste. Most of the time, drinking water is contaminated with some of this bacteria when there’s flood, especially in areas with poor sanitation. People with cholera can experience frequent watery diarrhea, vomiting and dehydration. If not prevented, this would lead to severe dehydration and death.
This is an infectious disease caused by a parasite that infects certain types of mosquito which feeds on humans. This infected mosquitoes usually bite at night time. Common symptoms of Malaria includes high fever, nausea, vomiting, headache, chills, diarrhea, muscle pain, convulsions and anemia. If not prevented and properly treated, it’ll become fatal that will lead to death.